Glossaries: F

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A structure designed and constructed for a particular purpose, such as a medical facility.


Fachnormenausschuss Kraftfahrzeugindustrie. This is a type of SMB connector used in the automotive industry for connecting coaxial RF connectors which uses snap on connectors.


Frequency Division Multiple Access.


Programming that’s written to the read-only memory (ROM) of a computing device. Firmware, which is added at the time of manufacturing, is used to run user programs on the device.

Firmware Over-the-Air (FOTA)

The process of updating a mobile phone’s operating system and software over the network, rather than having the consumer come into a service center for updates.

Fitness Band

A type of activity tracker worn on the wrist, with sensors specifically related to exercise and activity measuring. In contrast to a smartwatch that may include fitness/activity tracking features, a “fitness band” is primarily dedicated to fitness.

Fleet Management (FM)

A broad term referencing a range of solutions for vehicle-related applications. An FM solution is typically a vehicle-based system that incorporates data logging, satellite positioning, and data communication to a back-office application.


Fleet Management.

Fog Computing or Fogging

Also known as fogging, this is a distributed computing infrastructure in which some application services are handled at the network edge in a smart device and some application services are handled in a remote data center — in the cloud.

Form Factor

The physical size, pin-out, and configuration of a component. A family range of module, for example, may include 2G, 3G, and 4G variants to allow PCB designers to design in one module but allow for future upgrades through the product family’s road map.