Glossaries: E

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Or eHealth, telehealth, telemedicine, and related to mHealth. This is the support of medical processes and applications through information and computer technologies. It can include the gathering and communication of data as well as automated responses of certain devices and processes.


European Article Number. This is used to mark and identify products. Since 2009, it is also called GTIN (Global Trade Item Number). The number is usually found beneath barcodes and consists of up to 13 digits (EAN 13 barcode).


Electronic Control Unit.


Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution.

Electronic Control Unit (ECU)

Also known as a node, an Electronic Control Unit is a device, such as a sensor or actuator, that is connected to other devices via a CAN Bus. A vehicle can contain dozens of ECUs for functions such as mirror adjustment, window power, airbags, cruise control, entertainment, and, most significantly, engine control. To form a CAN, two or more ECUs are needed.

Embedded Device Hacking

The exploiting of vulnerabilities in embedded software to gain control of the device.

Embedded Firmware

The flash memory chip that stores specialized software running in a chip in an embedded device to control its functions.

Embedded Software

Specialized programming in a chip or on firmware in an embedded device to control its functions.

Embedded System Security

The reduction of vulnerabilities and protection against threats in software running on embedded devices.

Embrace, Extend, and Extinguish

A strategy associated with Microsoft to defeat open standards with proprietary extensions. Many IoT projects are open source, so this strategy would be anathema to open development.